Understanding Your NDIS Supports
Your NDIS plan will outline a range of supports which are aimed to help you reach the goals specified in your plan. These supports can come from:
- Family and friends – also known as informal supports
- Services and community groups
- NDIS reasonable and necessary funded supports
What are Reasonable and Necessary Supports?
Reasonable and necessary supports are those funded by the NDIS, which will help participants to:
- pursue their goals, objectives and aspirations
- increase their independence
- increase social and economic participation, and
- develop their capacity to actively take part in the community.
In order to be considered a support which is reasonable and necessary, it must:
- be related to the participant's disability
- not include day-to-day living costs that are not related to a participant's disability support needs
- represent value for money
- be likely to be effective and beneficial to the participant, and
- take into account informal supports given to participants by families, carers, networks, and the community.
Types of Reasonable and Necessary Supports
There are three broad categories of reasonable and necessary supports and 15 sub-categories. These include:
CORE Supports – This includes funding that enables a participant to complete activities of daily living and enables them to work towards their goals and meet their objectives. Budgets in core supports are flexible across its four sub-categories but cannot be used for capital or capacity building support purposes. The four sub-categories in core supports are:
- assistance with daily life
- travel and transport
- assistance with social and community participation
CAPITAL Supports – This includes funding for things such as assistive technologies, equipment, home or vehicle modifications, and capital costs (e.g. to pay for specialist disability accommodation). Budgets in capital supports are usually restricted to specific items, many of which require a quote. It may not be used for core or capacity building support purposes. The two sub-categories in capital supports are:
- assistive technology
CAPACITY BUILDING Supports – This is funding that enables a participant to build their independence and skills. Budgets in capacity building supports are allocated specifically to one of its ten support categories and is not transferable between them, or used for core or capital support purposes. The ten sub-categories in capacity building supports are:
- coordination of supports
- improved living arrangements
- increased social and community participation
- finding and keeping a job
- improved relationships
- improved health and well-being
- improved learning
- improved life choices
- improved daily living skills
Examples of Reasonable and Necessary Supports
Below is a brief description of each of the support categories, what it means for someone with spinal cord injury and how ParaQuad NSW can help:
Assistance with Daily Life (Core Support)
What is this?Funds to assist/supervise personal tasks of daily life to enable you to live as independently as possible. This can include: • personal care
• household tasks
• meal preparation/delivery
• gardening This also includes assistance for people living in a shared environment.
How Can ParaQuad Help?• We train and roster our own Personal Carers to support your personal care needs. • You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help connect you to other daily living services you may require
Travel and Transport (Core Support)
What is this?Funds to enable you to access the community and travel for educational, recreational and work purposes. This can include: • public transport
• other transport costs These funds are generally received fortnightly.
How Can ParaQuad Help?• You can call our NDIS Hotline, which can help with info about transport options and connect you with transport services.
Consumables (Core Support)
What is this?Funds to help purchase everyday use items. This can include: • Continence Products
• Home Enteral Nutrition (HEN) Products
How Can ParaQuad Help?• We provide consumables, such as continence products through BrightSky Australia. • We have trained continence nurses, who can offer assessments and recommendations for consumables.
Assistance with Social & Community Participation (Core Support)
What is this?Funds to enable a participant to engage community/social or recreational activities. This may include the provision of care as well as activity costs. Activities can include: • Camps
• Outside School Hours’ Care
• Course or Membership Fees This can also include funding to document the process and expected outcomes.
How Can ParaQuad Help?• We can provide access to Personal Carers to support you in accessing the community. • You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help connect you to social, community and recreational activities.
Assistive Technology (Capital Support)
What is this?Funds for aids or equipment supports to assist participants to live independently or assist a carer to support the participant. This funding includes assessments, delivery costs, set-up and training. This support covers items such as: • Wheelchairs
• Specialised Wheelchair Seating
• Equipment for Eating/Drinking
• Bathroom/Toilet Equipment
• Vehicle Modifications
How Can ParaQuad Help?• We provide allied health services such as Occupational Therapy (OT) and nursing to provide recommendations and to support assessment, set-up and training. • We can provide a range of assistive equipment through BrightSky Australia. • You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help connect you to other assistive technology suppliers.
Home (Capital Support)
What is this?Funds for home modifications to enable a participant to live independently and live safely in their home OR Specialist Disability Accommodation (SDA) to cater to higher support needs. Funding includes: • Ramps
• Stair Climbers
• SDA Support Coordination Costs associated with consultations with builders and approvals are also included.
How Can ParaQuad Help?• We provide Occupational Therapists (OTs) to conduct home modification assessments and submit reports to the NDIS. • You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help connect you with home modification suppliers or to help find Specialist Disability Accommodation.
Coordination of Supports (Capacity Building Support)
What is this?Funds for assistance with connecting and coordinating informal (family and friends), mainstream and funded supports. This assistance aims to: • Increase participant capacity
• Resolve service issues
• Address barriers
• Build participant resilience
How Can ParaQuad Help?• You can use our expert Support Coordinators to connect and coordinate all the supports you need.
Improved Living Arrangements (Capacity Building Support)
What is this?Funds to assist in helping you obtain/retain appropriate accommodation. This can include activities such as: • Applying for rental tenancy
• Undertaking tenancy obligations
How Can ParaQuad Help?• You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help provide advice and support to improve your living arrangements.
Increased Social & Community Participation (Capacity Building Support)
What is this?Funds to develop your skills to increase independence in accessing the community and social activities. These activities can include: • Skills Training
• Art Classes
• Sports Coaching
• Other Recreational Activities Funds can also be for mentoring and peer support.
How Can ParaQuad Help?• We can provide access to peer support to support increasing independence and community participation. • You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help connect you to social activities in the community.
Finding & Keeping a Job (Capacity Building Support)
What is this?Funds to help participants obtain/retain employment. There is also a School Leavers Employment Support, which specifically helps Year 12 school leavers. Some of these supports may include: • Job Site Training
• Travel training
• Employment Related Assessments
• Career Counselling
How Can ParaQuad Help?• You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help connect you to suitable job training and development activities.
Improved Relationships (Capacity Building Support)
What is this?Funds for social skills development and for behaviour supports to address behaviours of concern. These funds can be used to support: • The Participant
• Their Family
• Other Support Persons
How Can ParaQuad Help?• You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help connect you to appropriate behaviour intervention supports.
Improved Health & Wellbeing (Capacity Building Support)
What is this?Funds to access activities to support physical health and well being. These activities include: • Personal Training
• Exercise Physiology
How Can ParaQuad Help?• You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help connect you to appropriate health and wellbeing supports.
Improved Learning (Capacity Building Support)
What is this?Funds for skills training, advice, assistance and orientation to support a participant moving from school to further education. This may include: • University
• Other Education Options
How Can ParaQuad Help?• You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help connect you to appropriate learning and education supports.
Improved Life Choices (Capacity Building Support)
What is this?Funds to support a participant’s ability to manage their plan and supports by themselves or for a registered plan management provider to handle your NDIS budget and/or service support activities. Plan management support may include: • Building Financial Skills
• Improving Organisational Skills
• Enhance Self Management Capabilities
How Can ParaQuad Help?• You can call our NDIS Hotline, who can help connect you to appropriate plan management providers or to support you to self manage.
Improved Daily Living Skills (Capacity Building Support)
What is this?Funds for assessment, training, development and or therapy to support an increase in skills, independence and community participation. These services can be delivered in groups or individually and may include: • Provision of Aids & Equipment
• Skill Mastery
• Ergonomic Adjustment
• Functional Education
• Workplace Assessment
• Driver Training
• Training for Carers/Parents
• Early Childhood Intervention